सोमवार, 1 दिसंबर 2008

WORLD AIDS DAY

On World AIDS Day I'm providing some information about HIV.


HIV facts & Stats


The number of people living with HIV is continuing to rise in every part of the world - including in the UK. There are now 33 million people living with HIV worldwide and 80,000 people living with HIV in the UK.

What is HIV?

HIV is a virus that attacks the body's immune system - the body's defence against diseases. The latest research suggests that between 70 and 90 per cent of people may experience symptoms of infection a few days after having been infected. Three symptoms occurring together: fever, rash and a severe sore throat should always be considered a potential indicator of HIV infection. These symptoms usually disappear within two or three weeks. Other people may not have symptoms to start with. In all cases, without effective treatment the immune system will eventually become very weak and no longer be able to fight off illnesses.

Are HIV and AIDS the same?
No. When someone is described as living with HIV, they have the HIV virus in their body. A person is considered to have developed AIDS when the immune system is so weak it can no longer fight off a range of diseases with which it would normally cope.

I don't know anyone with HIV... do I?
There are approximately 80,000 people living with HIV in the UK and about a third of these don't know that they are infected. The epidemic is still growing in the UK with around 7,000 new diagnoses every year. Even if someone you know is living with HIV, they may not feel able to tell you.

Is there a cure for HIV?
No, but treatment can keep the virus under control and the immune system healthy. People on HIV treatment can live a healthy, active life, although they may experience side effects from the treatment. If HIV is diagnosed late, treatment may be less effective in preventing AIDS.

What's it like living with HIV?
If people with HIV are diagnosed early and respond to treatment they can be healthy, work and have relationships like anyone else and have a long life expectancy.

Coming to terms with an HIV diagnosis and getting used to treatment can be very difficult however, and people living with HIV will often need support from healthcare providers, friends and family, employers and support organisations.

Why do people find it hard to tell others they are HIV positive?
People living with HIV may find it hard to tell others about their condition as they worry that people will reject them, or they will experience prejudice from friends, family and colleagues. People living with HIV can also experience discrimination in their workplace, in healthcare settings (e.g., GPs and dentists), from members of their local community and through the media.

HIV prejudice is often the result of ignorance about how HIV is passed on and unfounded fear of becoming infected. Encouraging those around us to talk about HIV and find out the facts can help overcome this.

There are lots more facts about HIV - including real life stories - at NAT's main website



HIV prevention


How is HIV passed on?
HIV can be passed on through infected blood, semen, vaginal fluids or breast milk. The most common ways HIV is passed on are:

  • Sex without a condom with someone living with HIV
  • Sharing infected needles, syringes or other injecting drug equipment
  • From an HIV-positive mother (to her child) during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding

Can you get HIV through oral sex?
Oral sex carries a much lower risk than penetrative sex, but HIV can still be passed on through cuts, gum problems or ulcers in the mouth if they come into contact with infected bodily fluids.

Can you get HIV from kissing?
No. HIV cannot be passed on through:

  • Kissing or touching
  • Spitting, coughing or sneezing
  • Toilet seats, swimming pools, or shared facilities or utensils

Can women living with HIV still have children?
Yes. HIV can be passed from mother to child, but there are steps that can be taken to reduce the possibility of the child contracting HIV to less than one per cent, including giving the mother and child antiretroviral HIV drugs, delivering the child by Caesarean and not breastfeeding the baby.

Could I get HIV?
If you are sexually active or share needles you could be at risk from getting HIV. Although anyone can become infected, some communities in the UK have higher rates of infection, such as gay and bisexual men and black African men and women.

How can I protect myself from HIV?
Always use a condom when having vaginal or anal sex. You also may want to use a condom or dental dam during oral sex although the risk of transmission of HIV is much lower. Always use a condom that carries the European CE safety mark. You can get free condoms from a family planning or sexual health clinic, which you can locate at www.fpa.org.uk/finder/. Never share needles, syringes or any other injecting equipment.

What do I do if I think I have put myself at risk?
If you think you have placed yourself at risk from infection by HIV you can ask for a free and confidential test at your local sexual health clinic, which you can locate at www.fpa.org.uk/finder/.

If you are within 72 hours of an incident of possible exposure to HIV, ask for PEP (Post Exposure Prophylaxis) treatment from a sexual health clinic or at your nearest hospital accident and emergency department. PEP treatment can help stop you becoming infected with the virus after you have been exposed to HIV. The sooner treatment is begun the higher the probability the treatment will be effective. Find out more about PEP at www.tht.org.uk/pep.

1 टिप्पणी:

  1. मेरी पोस्ट "दो गज जमीन से भी इंकार: छवि के लिए यह कैसा इंसाफ" पर तुम्हारा कमेन्ट सोचने को विवश कर गया. मुझे पढने के बाद सचमुच लगा की मैं काफी कुछ बिना सोचे समझे लिख रहा हूँ. अगर कुरान में कुछ ग़लत और आपत्तिजनक लगने वाली बातें हैं, तो वह बाइबिल में भी हैं, हिंदू सामाजिक व्यवस्था भी कोई आदर्श नहीं है न ही वेद या पुराण की हर बात आदर्श है.

    इस्लाम में ईसाइयों की तरह ही नवजागरण शुरू हो रहा था, तुर्की और इराक-ईरान में इसकी शुरुआत भी हो चुकी थी, पर पश्चिम के तेल के लालच ने मुसलमानों के पिछडेपन में ही अपनी भलाई देखी. और अमेरिका-यूरोप ने मिलकर कट्टर वहाबी इस्लाम को मुसलमानों को पिछड़ा रखने का हथियार बना लिया. लादेन, तालिबान को इसी ने पैदा किया, पाकिस्तान को यही अमेरिका कुरेदता रहता है जिससे की अमरीकी और इस्राइली हथियार बिकें. और जो मुस्लिम देश कभी अंधेरे से बहार आ रहे थे वे आज फ़िर मध्ययुग में पहुँच गए हैं, इराक का हाल सामने हैं.

    अमरीका उसी से दोस्ती रखता है जो मध्ययुगीन इस्लाम का समर्थक है यानि साउदी अरब, आधुनिक इस्लाम की व्याख्या करने वाले सद्दाम और अहमदीनेजाद जैसे लोग इसे पसंद नहीं आते. जहाँ मुस्लिमों को आधुनिक विचारधारा या उदारता अपनाते देखता है, अमेरिका वहीं मिसाइल दाग देता है.

    दिल दुखाने के लिए माफ़ी चाहता हूँ. पाकिस्तानी-बंगलादेशी मुल्लाओं, और अरब के तालिबानी रवैये के कारण भारतीय मुसलमानों का एक धड़ा बहक जाता है, और सारे मुसलमानों को शक के घेरे में ले आता है. और भारत में फ़ैली घोर गरीबी और बेरोज़गारी के कारण कुछ मुस्लिम लड़के भारत विरोधी गतिविधियों में शामिल भी हो जाते हैं. पर हर मुसलमान ग़लत नहीं हो सकता.

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